Kristallnacht, Or The Night Of Broken Glass

Welcome to the Modern Typewriter, a daily blog to discuss topics that can’t be answered easily, or are just some fun topics! Today is May 9th, 2008, I’m Cody, and I am here to talk about a night that occurred during the Holocaust, known as the Night Of Broken Glass.

In the German language it is known as “Kristallnacht”, but in English, it’s known as the Night Of Broken Glass. It was a pogrom that occurred on the night of November 9-10, 1938.

Kristallnacht was a time when over a thousand Synagogues were completely destroyed, where tens of thousands of Jewish businesses and homes were pillaged, and more than 30,000 men were taken to concentration camps.

The year after Kristallnacht, the Germans continued with their ant-semitic activities such as excluding the Jews from social events, banning them from public areas, and taking away their rights as citizens. All of this discrimination was because of Germany’s defeat in World War One. Because of poverty and the loss of the war, Hitler made the people of Germany believe it was the Jews’ fault.

Kristallnacht was the immediate effect of the event that occurred on November 7th. Grynszpan, a Jewish man living in Paris, France was completely outraged when he read about deportations that were happening in Hanover, Germany. On Sunday, November 6th, he bought a pistol, loaded it with five bullets, and the following day went to the German Embassy in France where he recited “in the name of 12,000 persecuted Jews,” he shot Ernest vom Rath, wounding him critically.

Kristallnacht is believed as the official beginning of the Holocaust. Many decades after the Holocaust, the Kristallnacht anniversary was recorded with the day of the Berlin Wall came down. This marks the anniversary of Kristallnacht.

Remember, I’m Cody, and this is the Modern Typewriter, OUT!

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One comment

  1. Anna V. · · Reply

    Although the teenager Grynszpan shot Vom Rath, he actually intended on shooting the ambassador of Germany. Vom Rath turned out to be anti-nazi, and he was going to help the Jews. Because Grynszpan was so outraged, he shot whoever came out of the building.

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